Sunday, May 14, 2017

सातवां वेतन आयोग: यूनियन की चली तो अधिकतम एच.आर.ए. रु.75,000 तक होगा

सातवें वेतन आयोग के भत्तों के लागू होने का केंद्र सरकार के कर्मचारी और अधिकारी को आस है कि अब उनके अच्छे दिन शीघ्र आने वाले हैं. कार्मिकों के कुछ वर्ग को यह भी आस है कि सरकार यूनियन के मांग पर भी सकारात्मक रूख दिखा सकती है. जे.सी.एम. ने सरकार से मांग की है कि एच.आर.ए. के छठे वेतन आयोग के दर को कम नहीं किया जाए और सातवें वेतन आयोग में भी एच.आर.ए. के दर को एक्स, वाई और जेड श्रेणी के शहरों के लिए क्रमश: 30, 20 और 10 प्रतिशत ही रखा जाए. 
अपने इस मांग की वैधता के लिए जे.सी.एम. स्टाफ साईड ने एक विस्तृत मेमोरेण्डम सरकार को भेजा था जिसमें तथ्य और आंकड़े प्रस्तुत करते हुए कहा कि एच.आर.ए. का दर सातवें वेतन आयोग 24,16 और 8 प्रतिशत सिफारिश के अनुसार न रखा जाए. कर्मचारियों के सभी यूनियन इस मांग पर एकमत हैं कि सातवें वेतन आयोग में एच.आर.ए. के दर को एक्स, वाई और जेड श्रेणी के शहरों के लिए क्रमश: 30, 20 और 10 प्रतिशत ही रखा जाए. जे.सी.एम. स्टाफ साईड के एच.आर.ए. सबंधित मांग को स्टाफन्यूज पर पढ़ने के लिए क्लिक करें.

परमन्यूज टीम ने इस बात की गणना की है कि अगर कर्मचारी यूनियनों की मांग को अगर सरकार मानती है तब केन्द्रीय कर्मचारियों को अधिकतम 75,000 प्रतिमाह की दर से मकान किराया भत्ता मिल सकता है. पूर्ण गणना के लिए निम्नलिखित टेबल देखें: 
Pay
Band
Grade
Pay
7th
CPC
Pay
Matrix
Minimum
Pay 
Maximum
Pay
Union's Demand
X Class CityY  Class CityZ Class City
30%30%20%20%10%10%
Minimum
HRA
Maximum
HRA
Minimum
HRA
Maximum
HRA
Minimum
HRA
Maximum
HRA
PB-1
5200-
20200
18001180005690054001707036001138018005690
19002199006320059701896039801264019906320
20003217006910065102073043401382021706910
24004255008110076502433051001622025508110
28005292009230087602769058401846029209230
PB-2
9300-
34800
42006354001124001062033720708022480354011240
46007449001424001347042720898028480449014240
48008476001511001428045330952030220476015110
540095310016780015930503401062033560531016780
PB-3
15600-
39100
5400105610017750016830532501122035500561017750
6600116770020870020310626101354041740677020870
7600127880020920023640627601576041840788020920
PB-4
37400-
66700
870013118500214100355506423023700428201185021410
890013A131100216600393306498026220433201311021660
1000014144200218200432606546028840436401442021820
67000-7900015182200224100546606723036440448201822022410
67000-7900016205400224400616206732041080448802054022440
8000017225000225000675006750045000450002250022500
9000018250000250000750007500050000500002500025000
उपर दिये टेबल के अनुसार एक्स श्रेणी यानि मेट्रो शहरों के मल्टी टास्किंग स्टाफ को न्यूनतम रु. 5400 और अधिकतम रु. 17,070 प्रतिमाह मिलेगा वहीं पुराने ग्रेड पे 4200 अब वेतन मैट्रिक्स लेवल 5 के कर्मचारियों को न्यूनतम रु. 10,620 अधिकतम रु.33,720 तक की राशि मकान किराये भत्ते मिल सकेगा. एक ग्रुप ए अधिकारी सेवा में आने के समय एक्स श्रेणी की शहरों के लिए रु. 16,830, वाई श्रेणी की शहरों के लिए रु. 11,220 तथा जेड श्रेणी की शहरों के लिए रु.5,610 की राशि मकान किराए भत्ते के रूप में प्राप्त कर सकेगा.

अगर हम वर्तमान में होम लोन की किश्तों पर नजर डालें तो प्रति लाख रूपये के लिए करीब 1 हजार रूपये प्रतिमाह किश्त के रूप में अदा करना पड़ता है. यानि केन्द्र सरकार के कम वेतन श्रेणी में कार्यरत एक सामान्य कर्मचारी रु.10 लाख का ऋण अपने मकान के सपने को पूरा करने के लिए आसानी से ले सकेगा. सातवें वेतन आयोग के संशोधित एच.आर.ए. का इंतजार केन्द्र सरकार के सभी वर्ग के कर्मचारी कर रहे हैं. एच.आर.ए. में बढ़ोतरी उनके अच्छे आवास के किराये की अदायगी के लिए आवश्यक तो है ही साथ ही साथ नए ​मकान खरीदने या गृह ऋण की किश्त की अदायगी के लिए भी आवश्यक है. वर्तमान सरकार के योजनाओं की चर्चा करें तो सरकार के 'सबको आवास' योजना के लिए भी एच.आर.ए. में उचित बढ़ोतरी जरूरी है.

परंतु लाख टके का सवाल यह भी है कि सातवें वेतन आयोग की सिफारिश या यूनियन के मांग के अनुसार मकान किराये भत्ते को सरकार कब और किस तिथि से लागू करेगी? क्या सरकार कर्मचारियों के मांग के अनुसार 01.01.2016 से भत्तों पर एरियर देगी? इसके लिए परमन्यूज से जुड़े रहें अगले पोस्ट में सरकार की मंशा का विश्लेषण दिया जाएगा.

Scam in India Post Direct Recruitment in Haryana

KASARGOD: An invigilator in Kasargod blew the lid off a major scam in the direct recruitment of postmen and mail guards in the Department of Post when she reported a candidate from Haryana answering all the questions in Malayalam.

When the police arrived at the examination centre, they allegedly found a mobile phone with Gulbant, 22, with answer codes to all the 100 multiple choice questions in his inbox. Vidyanagar inspector Babu Peringath arrested Gulbant, a resident of Sonipat in Haryana, and impounded the phone. The text message in his mobile read: Code bhejo.

But he was not in a position to reply to it. The invigilator, Shamina Ameer, had him in her crosshairs. There were just three candidates in her examination hall at Chinmaya Vidyalaya in Kasargod.

A while after the first message, Gulbant’s phone started incessantly buzzing, raising the suspicion of the invigilator. She took the phone away. When the phone continued to vibrate on the table, she checked the phone and found it. “The messages were keys to the 100 objective questions,” said a postal official, who was an observer on the campus and was briefed by Ameer.

The messages came in packets of five keys each and were separated by the at the rate sign (@), he said. The police were called in and Gulbant was taken into custody. Another candidate from Haryana, Harish, was taken into preventive custody at the gate of Government Arts and Science College, Kasargod, for carrying bluetooth headset and phone. The arrest of Gulbant comes against the backdrop of this snail-paced probe. The NFPE and the member of parliament from Kasargod P Karunakaran have called for a CBI probe and annulment of the examination.

However, the director and assistant director (recruitment) of Kerala circle refused to acknowledge the possibility of a scam even in the face of mounting evidence. Unlike what was previously believed, the malpractice did not happen at the valuation level. The question papers are leaked.

Kerala Postal Circle of the Department of Post conducted the aptitude examination to recruit 583 postmen across its 24 divisions and 11 mail guards for the Railway Mail Service on May 7.

Officially, director of Kerala Postal Circle, Thomas Lourdes Raj, maintained that the confidentiality of the examination was not compromised. “How can we suspect that?” he told The Sunday Standard, when asked if the question papers were leaked. He saw it as a case of a failed attempt to cheat in the exam. “Two persons were taken into custody. We have asked for the copies of the FIR,” he said.

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WannaCry: Techie finds kill switch to ransom ware. Here's how to save your data from cyber attacks

The recent ransomware attack affected computer systems globally. The malware, known as WannaCry, might have a 'kill switch' now. Here's what you must do if you fall victim to the virus that takes over a computer and bars the user from accessing files until a ransom is paid to the attacker.

Computers across the world were rendered useless on Friday. The files of the users were held for ransom when dozens of countries were hit in a cyber-extortion attack that targeted hospitals, companies and government agencies.
Going by the name of WannaCry, the ransomware attack was indeed a massive extortion onslaught which managed to wreak havoc, crippling systems worldwide. 

Here's a look at how malwares and ransomwares work and what people can do if they fall victim to such attacks.

WHAT IS MALWARE AND RANSOMWARE?

Malware is a general term that refers to a computer program that's harmful to your computer, said John Villasenor, a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. 

Ransomware is a type of malware that essentially takes over a computer and prevents users from accessing data on their own computer until a ransom is paid, he said.

HOW DOES YOUR COMPUTER BECOME INFECTED WITH RANSOMWARE?

In most cases, the malicious program infects computers through links or attachments in messages known as phishing emails.
"The age-old advice is to never click on a link in an email," said Jerome Segura, a senior malware intelligence researcher at Malwarebytes, a San Jose-based company that has released anti-ransomware software. 
"The idea is to try to trick the victim into running a malicious piece of code."
The malicious program is usually hidden within the links or attachments which come in emails. The clickbait might just compel the user to click on the link. When the user clicks on such links or downloads such documents, it is then when the malware is installed in the background without the knowledge of the user. 

BUT HOW DOES A RANSOMWARE WORK?

"Ransomware, like the name suggests, is when your files are held for ransom," said Peter Reiher, an adjunct professor at UCLA who specialises in computer science and cybersecurity. 

"It finds all of your files and encrypts them and then leaves you a message. If you want to decrypt them, you have to pay."

The ransomware encrypts data on the computer using an encryption key that only the attacker knows. If the ransom isn't paid, the data is often lost forever.

When the ransomware takes over a computer, the attackers are pretty explicit in their demands, Segura said. 

In most cases, they change the wallpaper of the computer and give specific instructions telling the user how to pay to recover their files. 

Most attackers demand between $300 and $500 to remove the malicious ransomware; the price can double if the amount isn't paid within 24 hours.

Law enforcement officials have discouraged people from paying these ransoms.

HOW CAN PEOPLE PREVENT ATTACKS LIKE THESE?

The first step is being cautious, experts say. But Villasenor said there is "no perfect solution" to the problem.

Users should regularly back up their data and ensure that security updates are installed on your computer as soon as they are released. Up-to-date backups make it possible to restore files without paying a ransom.

MICROSOFT TAKES THE RANSOMWARE'S HIT 

Friday's attack exploited vulnerabilities in some versions of Microsoft Windows. Microsoft has released software patches for the security holes, although not everyone has installed those updates.

Microsoft released a patch (MS17-010) for the vulnerability on March 14, 2017. However, many users have not yet installed the patch on their computers.
Screenshot: Microsoft Website

According to the company, WannaCry ransomware apparently affected computers that have not applied the patch yet.

"If your software is not patched, you can exploit that user. Anyone who applied the patch that Microsoft released likely wasn't affected by this," Reiher said.

Users should also look for malicious email messages that often masquerade as emails from companies or people you regularly interact with online. 

It's important to avoid clicking on links or opening attachments in those messages, since they could unleash malware, Villasenor said.

The company also said that WanaCrypt0r 2.0 uses an exploit code that was designed to work only against unpatched Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 or earlier operating systems. Therefore, PCs running on Windows 10 are not affected by this ransomware attack.

WANNACRY RANSOMWARE

The troublesome ransomware did have its impact globally but a small mistake by the cyber-criminals helped a young security researcher discover a "kill switch" that can disable all functionality of the "WanaCrypt0r 2.0" (aka WannaCry or WCry) ransomware and stop it from spreading further, at least for now, according to an International Business Times report.

After running the ransomware on a victim's computer, the WannaCry ransomware tries to connect to an unregistered domain. 

The 22-year-old researcher came across this domain and found that registering the domain name prevented it from spreading. 

According to the researcher, "a bit of analysis" led him to the discovery of this unregistered domain, but finding the kill switch was accidental. 

WANNACRY RANSOMWARE AND INDIA

The ransomware has affected as many as 79 countries but India is largely safe.

After the systems were hit globally, Gulshan Rai, the Cyber Security Chief in the PMO, said a better impact assessment would be possible only on Monday when offices open, according to The Hindu.

Referring to the malware that penetrated the police cyber networks in Andhra Pradesh, Mr Rai said, "Since this has happened here on the weekend, we are expecting a better impact assessment on Monday."

CERT-In also explained that the WannaCry ransomware encrypts the computer's hard drive and then spreads laterally between computers on the same local area network. 

Pradipto Chakrabarty, Regional Director, CompTIA India told The Hindu that the police system in Andhra Pradesh was impacted which may be "because they were using an older version of Microsoft operating system and poor patch maintenance".

According to Moscow-based cybersecurity and anti-virus company Kaspersky, it recorded 45,000 WannaCry attacks in malware-hit countries out of these, about 5 per cent attacks were in India. 

SOME TECHNICAL DETAILS ON HOW TO PROTECT AGAINST WANNACRY

  1. Apply Windows update MS17-010.
  2. Disable the outdated protocol SMBv1.
  3. Add a rule on your router or firewall to block incoming SMB traffic on port 445.
  4. Enable Windows Defender Antivirus to detect this ransomware. (It identifies the ransomware as Ransom:Win32/WannaCrypt as of the 1.243.297.0 update)
  5. Use Office 365 Advanced Threat Protection, which can block dangerous email threats, such as the emails carrying ransomware using its machine-learning capability.
  6. Monitor your network with Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection.

Employment News 13 May 2017 to 19 May 2017

JOB Highlights 13.05.2017 to 19.05.2017

STATE BANK OF INDIA
Name Of Post : Special Management Executives (Banking)
No.of Vacancies : 554
Last Date :18.05.2017 
RESERVE BANK OF INDIA SERVICES BARD, MUMBAI
Name Of Post : Officers Grade ‘B’ (DR)
No.of Vacancies : 161
Last Date :23.05.2017 
INDIAN AIR FORCE
Name Of Post : Group ‘C’ Civilian Posts.
No.of Vacancies : 174
Last Date :30 days after publication 
CSIR-INSTITUTE OF HIMALAYAN BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, HIMACHAL PRADESH
Name Of Post : Senior Scientist, Technical Officer, Technical Assistant etc
No.of Vacancies : 19
Last Date :05.06.2017 
INDIAN OIL CORPORATION LIMITED
Name Of Post : Jr. Engineering Assistant IV, Jr. Materials Assistant and Junior Quality Control Analyst
No.of Vacancies : 74
Last Date :19.05.2017 
CURRENCY NOTE PRESS, NASIK
Name Of Post : Supervisors in Various Disciplines
No.of Vacancies : 43
Last Date :31.05.2017

Enhancement of the rate of bonus

No.S-33027/3/2016 -WB
Government of India
Ministry of Labour and Employment
(Wage Board Section)
*****

Shram Shakti Bhawan,
Rafi Marg, New Delhi,
Dated : 02.05.2017

To
Shri M.Krishnan,
Secretary General,
Confederation of Central Government Employees & Workers,
Ist Floor, North Avenue PO Building, New Delhi.

Subject:- Enhancement of the rate of bonus payable to Casual labourers consequent on enhancement calculation ceiling of bonus for Central Government Employees from Rs. 3500/- to Rs. 7000/- regarding.
I am directed to refer to your letter Reference No. Confdn/Casual Labour/2015-19 dated 29th June, 2016 addressed to Department of Personnel & Training, New Delhi on the subject mentioned above and to inform you on receipt of your request through the Department of Personnel & Training, the case was referred to the Ministry of Finance, Department of Expenditure, New Delhi for taking suitable action, as deemed fit. The matter was duly examined by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance and has not been agreed to the request.

Yours faithfully,
S/d,
(SAMIR KUMAR DAS)
Under Secretary to the Government of India
Tele No. 23473325

Felicitation to our beloved Ex - Secretary Department of Posts, Sri.B. V. Sudhakar